The Indianized States of Southeast Asia by George Coedes

Image result for The Indianized States of Southeast Asia by George CoedesCoedes started the book by briefly describing the geographical characteristic of southeast Asia then explaining the term of ‘Indianization’ which for him is more into the influence of arts, custom and religion of India. He also included the usage of Sanskrit language as a huge characteristic of Indianization. He later focused on each Kingdom like Funan, Angkor, Srivijaya and Majapahit. Coedes also included the declined of the kingdoms and provide us few theories in Indianization of Southeast Asia.

This is a great book for those who were interested in learning the early kingdom in Southeast Asia or anybody interested in Indianization. I came across to a few books that have different view about the type of Buddhism during the earlier kingdom, Coedes wrote that it was Mahayana but there were other scholars said about other type of Buddhism. We were discussing about it during the class and my friend told me that he found it in Wikipedia. He is just ridiculous to say that! I need to read more and do more research on it Continue reading

Miền Trung Việt Nam và Văn hóa Champa: Một cái nhìn địa văn hóa

Image result for Tran Quoc VuongTrần Quốc Vượng 

Trên dải đất miền Trung Việt Nam hiện tại, chủ yếu là từ Đèo Ngang cho đến Hàm Thuận, nhiều thời bao gồm cả Tây Nguyên, đã nảy sinh, phát sáng rực rỡ rồi tắt dần một nền văn minh độc đáo, ta gọi là văn minh Chămpa

  1. Lời mở

Từ một hai thế kỷ đầu Công nguyên cho đến các thế kỷ XVII-XVIII, trên dải đất miền Trung Việt Nam hiện tại, chủ yếu là từ Đèo Ngang cho đến Hàm Thuận, nhiều thời bao gồm cả Tây Nguyên, đã nảy sinh, phát sáng rực rỡ rồi tắt dần một nền văn minh độc đáo, ta gọi là văn minh Chămpa mà sợi dây liên kết (theo F. Engels: “sợi dây liên kết văn minh là Nhà nước” (xem Nguồn gốc gia đình tư hữu và Nhà nước, 1882) là các nhà nước mà sử sách Trung Hoa, Đại Việt gọi bằng những tên Lâm ẤpHoàn VươngChiêm Thành, với các miền lãnh thổ – cũng có thể là các “tiểu quốc” xuất hiện trong sử sách Hoa Việt dưới những cái tên Địa Lý, Ma Linh, Bố Chính, châu Ô, châu Lý, Chiêm Động, Cổ Lũy, Thi Bị, Thượng Nguyên, Bôn đà lãng…, hay trong bi ký Phạn – Chàm với những tên Chămpapura, Amaravati, Vijaya, Kauthara, Panduranga, Virapura, v.v…

Văn minh Chămpa đã tắt, hay đúng hơn, các nhà nước Chămpa đã không còn tồn tại từ vài trăm năm nay, song tộc Chăm và các tộc bà con theo mẫu hệ còn đó: Chăm H’rê, Chăm H’roi, Raglai, Jarai, Rhaday… Văn hóa Chăm vẫn còn đây, sống động ở Ninh Thuận (với làng gốm Bàu Trúc), Bình Thuận hay là các phế tích “thành lồi’, “giếng Hời”, “cánh đồng chăm” theo cách gọi của người Kinh – Việt ở Bình – Trị – Thiên, Nam – Ngãi – Bình – Phú, Khánh Hòa – Phan Rang, Phan Rí, Phan Thiết…, những “thánh địa” (sanctuaive) Mỹ Sơn, Đồng Dương, Phong Nha, những cụm/nhóm đền – tháp Chămpa trong thung lũng, trên sườn đồi, chân núi, ven biển, trong rừng sâu…, những dòng họ Ông, Ma, Trà, Chế… với những con người da đồng hun, mũi cao, mắt sâu, tóc xoăn, những huyền tích, những lễ hội Katé, nhiều di tích Chăm và ảnh hưởng văn hóa Chăm còn “nhìn” thấy được và có thể tìm hiểu, nghiên cứu được ở Thanh, Nghệ, Tĩnh, ở châu thổ Bắc Bộ, ở ngay nội đô và ven đô Hà Nội… Và ngôn ngữ Chăm vẫn là sinh ngữ (Ngôn ngữ là sản phẩm/thành phần văn hóa). Người ta bảo “chính trị qua đi, văn hóa ở lại” (Les poliques passent, les cultures restent)”. Continue reading

Adjuncts to Empire: The EFEO and the Conservation of Champa Antiquities

Image result for Chapman UH ManoaWilliam Chapman

Abstract

This paper examines the pivotal role of the École française d’Extrême-Oriente in the excavation, delineation, and interpretation of Champa sites in Vietnam. It further suggests the significance of this work in laying the groundwork for further archaeological efforts by the EFEO in Cambodia, Laos, and Northeast Thailand. The paper examines in detail the range of Champa sites, their relation to French scholarship of the early 20th century and their importance as training for later interventions.

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Islam in Champa and the Making of Factitious History

STEPHEN G. HAW

Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society

Series 3, page 1 of 31

Image result for STEPHEN G. HAWAbstract

Since their first publication in 1922, two Islamic inscriptions formed an essential basis of the early history of Islam in Champa. Recently, however, they have been shown to have originated, not from Southeast Asia, but from Tunisia. It is clear that either there was an error regarding their provenance, or it was deliberately falsified. The implications of this are discussed, and the remaining evidence of early Islamic presence in Champa is reassessed. It is suggested that there is now no good evidence of any Islamic presence there until after the sixteenth century. In relation to this issue, the maritime links between China and the Islamic world are examined, as also are other examples of possible falsification of history.

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[CALL FOR PAPERS] Performing Arts and the Royal Courts of Southeast Asia

CALL FOR PAPERS
Performing Arts and the Royal Courts of Southeast Asia
12-13 July 2018
Sunway University, Malaysia
This symposium brings together current scholarship on past and present roles of Southeast Asia’s
royal courts in regional performing arts.
Royal courts have long been sites for the creation, exchange, maintenance, and development of
myriad forms of performing arts, literature, and other distinctive cultural expressions.
Performing arts have been included among royal regalia of numerous kingdoms. They have
figured prominently in traditional displays of dominion. In many cases, they were transferred
between courts through marriage, conquest, diplomatic exchanges, trade, and tributary relations.
Within the kingdoms themselves, the performing arts have circulated between royal courts and the
public, providing vibrant mediums for civic discourse, education, and articulations of spirituality
and shared identity. Today, many of them occupy iconic positions within the popular imagination
as national heritage and classical archetypes.
As such, their legacies have important stories to tell about the region’s history, as well as the roles,
protocols, functions, and perceptions of monarchies in the present. This symposium addresses
three distinct, but related areas of discussion:
Inter-court relations:
● How have court-to-court relations shaped the development of Southeast Asia’s performing arts?
● What do the performing arts tell us about power relations between past polities?
Intra-kingdom circulations:
● How have palace-village exchanges contributed to developments, refinements, and standardized
practices in the performing arts?
● How do the performing arts reflect the institutions, ideologies, and constitutions of power
produced under state sponsorship?
Contemporary implications:
● What roles do courts or court legacies play in the production and development of performing arts
in the twenty-first century?
● How have performing arts figured in the transformations of Southeast Asia’s hereditary polities
into modern states?
● How have recent generations of royal-court descendants transformed their patronage of the arts as
politicians, activists and entrepreneurs?
Abstract and Publication Details

Submission deadline: 15 January 2018
Abstract length: 250 words, along with a short biographical note (100 words or less)
Send to: PARC.SEA@gmail.com
—Please allow one month for notification from the program committee
We call for abstracts from scholars in Southeast Asian performing arts with fresh perspectives
germane to the abovementioned areas, who might draw from a range of topics including, but not
limited to, issues of origin and myth, genealogy, stylistic developments, repertoires and genres,
tools and instruments, ritual practices, proscriptions, and cultural preservation. We especially
welcome a variety of methodological approaches from a broad array of disciplines such as
heritage and history studies, manuscript studies, comparative studies, gender studies, religious
studies, ethnography, oral history, or hermeneutical studies.
Symposium papers should be 20 minutes in length. Additional time will be allotted for discussion.
Participants will be expected to contribute an expanded version of their symposium presentation
(of at least 8,000 words) as a chapter within a published anthology to be co-edited by the
conveners. The first draft of the publication manuscript will be due within three months of the
symposium.
Local Arrangements
The committee will provide all selected speakers with airport transfer (between Kuala Lumpur
International Airport and the symposium site/hotel), and cover accommodation, symposium fees,
and meals for the duration of the symposium.
We thank you for considering your participation in this symposium. Please address any questions
regarding the event to the abovementioned email address.
The Conveners
Lawrence N. Ross, Academy of Malay Studies, University of Malaya (lawrence.apm@gmail.com)
Mayco Santaella, Department of Performance & Media, Sunway University
(santaellamayco@gmail.com)

 

Potent Places in Central Vietnam: ‘Everything that Comes Out of the Earth is Cham

To cite this article: Anne-Valérie Schweyer (2017): Potent Places in Central Vietnam:
‘Everything that Comes Out of the Earth is Cham’, The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, DOI:
10.1080/14442213.2017.1370478
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.1080/14442213.2017.1370478

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Weaving Life Across Borders: The Cham Muslim Migrants Traversing Vietnam and Malaysia

Angie Ngoc TranImage result for Angie Ngoc Tran California State University, Monterey Bay

California State University, Monterey Bay, USA
e-mail: atran@csumb.edu
Abstract

Focusing on the understudied Cham (Sunni) Muslims who live in the Mekong Delta region of southern Vietnam, decades after Vietnam joined the market system, I found that they have sustained their century-old mobile ways of life—including retailing, fishing, and sewing—in close connection with the global Islamic community to make a living and to continue their religious studies. But a mixed picture emerges in their response to Vietnam’s labor export policy since 2002: practicing geographical agency with short-term successes but facing more risks as both men and women engage in extra local journeys, crossing borders into Cambodia, Thailand, and Malaysia. Continue reading