Dr. Philipp Bruckmayr is a researcher with the University of Vienna who is an expert in Islamic Studies. His teaching over the past three years has focused on such topics as: Modern Islam, the Arab World, Political & Social Movements, Transnationalism, and Critical Media Analysis.
Philipp’s work is diverse, in that it engages with topics relevant to the study of Islamic communities in Latin America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. In Cham Studies, he is particularly well known for his work on Cham Muslim communities in Cambodia, although he has also published a notable article regarding his ideas about syncretism in Cham communities in Vietnam.
Dr. Bruckmayr completed his dissertation in 2014 at the University of Vienna, with an interesting work on the history of intellectual discourses on Cham Muslims in Cambodia from the late 19th through the early 21st century. Below is a recent photo of him from a talk he gave on Afghanistan and Iran.:
We are very excited to announce that Dr. Bruckmayr has also just completed his first book.:
Le cham est une langue austronésienne parlée par les Chams, héritiers d’un royaume indianisé d’Asie du Sud-Est, le Champa, qui occupait la moitié sud du Vietnam actuel. Les Chams n’ont pas, contrairement aux Khmers, conservé leur État. Vaincu au fil des siècles par le royaume des Viêts, le Champa a disparu comme une peau de chagrin, laissant des vestiges architecturaux et artistiques inestimables.
Les Chams d’aujourd’hui représentent un demi-million de locuteurs. Ils peuplent toujours le territoire de leur ancien royaume au sud du Vietnam, mais vivent majoritairement en diaspora, notamment au Cambodge.
Parlons cham propose une initiation à la langue de ce peuple matrilinéaire pratiquant des formes originales de brahmanisme et d’islam. Un peuple minoritaire, certes, mais confronté aux grands enjeux de la modernité en conservant sa langue et son écriture par un attachement indéfectible au Champa, puissant fédérateur d’imaginaire.
Historical, Ethnographic, and Contemporary Political Analyses of the Muslims of Kampuchea and Vietnam
This paper surveys the historical, early ethnographic, and contemporary political analyses of the Cham Muslims of Kampuchea and Vietnam. The historical overview describes the Indic and Islamic influence on the traditional kingdom of Champa, the consequences of French colonialism, and the results of the Vietnam war. The ethnographic description of the Cham is based on early French scholarly depictions that were influenced by Orientalist modes of representation. The contemporary political analysis is derived from scholarly attempts at assessing the recent situation of Cham Muslims as they faced genocide in Cambodia and experienced ethnic repression in Vietnam.
Minorities at Large: New Approaches to Minority Ethnicity in Vietnam
Philip Taylor, editor
This collection represents a new approach to minority ethnicity in Vietnam. Drawing on ethnographic and historical research in the highlands and lowlands, eight essays provide rich descriptions of a wide variety of ethnic minority experiences. They offer provocative analyses that challenge stereotypes about minority groups in scholarship and official development policy. While powerful forces such as warring armies, the socialist state, or the market economy often are said to have undermined the livelihoods and identities of once-autonomous peoples, these studies reveal how peoples at the periphery of the modern nation state nonetheless have been active in the transformation and redefinition of their worlds. The chapters situate contemporary minority transnational networks in the context of older translocal affiliations, identities, and livelihood strategies. In contrast with the attention devoted in previous studies to the state ethnic classification project, the studies shed light on popular identifications in circulation, and transition, among ethnic minorities themselves.
The Barefoot Anthropologist: The Highlands of Champa and Vietnam in the Words of Jacques Dournes
French anthropologist Jacques Dournes lived in Vietnam for 25 years, from 1946 to 1970, studying the culture of the Jarai and other highland ethnic groups. He became a renowned ethnographer and the Jarai people became his lifelong passion.
In part 1 of this study, Andrew Hardy explores Dournes’s challenging monograph Potao, une théorie de pouvoir chez les Indochinois jorai and his views on the role of the highlanders in ancient Champa. In part 2, Dournes speaks animatedly with the author about the Jarai, his feelings about culture and economics, his understanding of Vietnam’s history, and his personal experience of living in the Central Highlands. The French transcript of the interview is presented in the appendix.
ANDREW HARDY works at the Ecole Francaise d’Extreme-Orient (EFEO), specializing in the history of Vietnam. He is the author of Red Hills: Migrants and the State in the Highlands of Vietnam.
Dr. Bradley Murg is an assistant professor of political science and director of global development studies at Seattle Pacific University and affiliate professor at the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington. Dr. Murg’s research, supported by grants from the Social Science Research Council and the International Research and Exchanges Board, focuses on legal reform, regional inequality, the political economy of foreign aid, and economic development in the Mekong region, China (particularly Xinjiang, Qinghai and Ningxia), and the former Soviet Union. His current work explores the history of foreign aid in Cambodia, paying particular attention to the development of the Cham community as well as Chinese aid and investment today. Dr. Murg graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Emory University with a BA/MA in philosophy, received his MSc. in economic history from the London School of Economics, and his M.A. and PhD in political science from the University of Washington. Dr. Murg has worked in Asia for nearly 20 years, initially having moved to the region as a Henry Luce Scholar at the Asian Development Bank in 2000. He speaks English, French, German, Russian, Mandarin Chinese, Tagalog, and is currently struggling with Khmer.
Full name: Phú Trạm, pen name: Inrasara [Inra: Cham transliteration of Sanskrit Indra, the god of Thunder; Sara: salt]
Inrasara was born on August 20th 1957, in the Cham town of Caklaing. His hometown is known as “Mỹ Nghiệp, Phước Dân” in Vietnamese, and is located in Ninh Phước District, to the south of Phan Rang, in Ninh Thuận Province, along the south-central Vietnamese coastline. In the late 1960s, he was a student at Po Klong High School in Ninh Thuận province, where he graduated from High School in 1969. He then went on to study at the University of Pedagogy in Ho Chi Minh City in 1977, although he left university a year later to wander in Cham villages. He began collecting Cham poems and folk tales. He read philosophy and composed poems in both Vietnamese and Cham language. After five years of independent work, he became employed as a Research for the Editorial Committee of Cham Textbooks-Ninh Thuận Province in 1982. After decades of work, his research skills became widely recognized. In 1992, Inrasara moved to the University of Social Sciences & Humanities in Ho Chi Minh City, where he was employed as a Researcher at the Center for Vietnamese & Southeast Asian Studies. After six years at the university, however, he found that he was best left to his own devices as an independent scholar. Since 1998, he has thrived as a free writer and free thinker. He has published extensive poems in Vietnamese and Cham, along with numerous translations of Cham poetry into Vietnamese. He is renowned for his literary criticism, along with his research on Cham language and culture. Continue reading →
Dr. Amandine Lepoutre was born on November 26th, 1979 and currently lives in Lille, France.
From 1998 to 2000 Dr. Lepoutre attended the University of Charles de Gaulle, Lille 3, Villeneuve d’Ascq, where she received a DEUG in History, with foci in law and economy. Then, in June 2001 she also received a license in History, with a focus in archaeology, before following this study up with an MA in Medieval History in June 2002, also from University of Charles de Gaulle, Lille 3, Villeneuve d’Ascq. In September 2003 she earned a DESS in Southeast Asian Studies with foci in cooperation, development, and management, also from University of Charles de Gaulle, Lille 3, Villeneuve d’Ascq. The following year she entered the doctoral program in History and Philology at EPHE, in Paris, where she made rapid progress, and managed to defend her dissertation as of March 2010. She is fluent in English, has a reading knowledge of Eastern Cham Akhar Thrah script, and has a working knowledge of Sanskrit as well as Vietnamese. She is co-author with three others on the most recent multi-lingual epigraphic study of Cham inscriptions from the Museum of Cham Culture at Da Nang.
David Griffiths Sox earned a Master of Arts in geography at University of Hawaii at Manoa (UHM) in 1972, with a lengthy thesis titled “Resource Use System of Ancient Champa”. The thesis reconstructed the economy of Champa, with chapters on prehistory and history, trade systems, agriculture and maritime technology, and hypothesized the central role of the temple in the Champa’s economy.
He later collected a large amount of information from U.S. and French libraries about Cham culture and the cultural landscape of Champa for a geography Ph.D. dissertation that was never completed. Since 1973, and especially after the advent of the internet, Sox has accumulted over 25 linear feet of Champa and related Vietnamese and Southeast Asian files.
Prior to graduate school, David took French as an undergraduate and intensive Vietnamese at the Army Language School in Monterey, after which he served in Vietnam for 30 months between 1965 and 1967. At UHM, he also was exposed to one semester of intensive Mandarin Chinese. Unfortunately, he does not understand Cham.Continue reading →