Champa merupakan salah satu kerajaan basar dan disegani di-Asia Tenggara pada zamannya. Berlokasi dl daratan yang saat lni menjadi wilayah tengah dan selatah dari negara Vietnam, ketenaran Champa tak kalah denggn kerajaah masa lalu di Nusantara seperti Sriwijaya dan Majapahit.
The Cambodian Genocide: most scholars have heard of it. It is a critical case in ongoing studies of Genocide Studies, International Law as well as Memory and Social Trauma that many teachers will have to address. From forensic anthropologists to criminal investigators, journalists to historians—and even experts in literature—the case of a series of mass killings that emerged out of Cambodia between 1975 and 1979 under the Democratic Kampuchea (DK) regime, most frequently referred to as the “Khmer Rouge”(Kh.: Khmer Kraham), will be an important study for college students and scholars for generations to come. The genocidal policies enacted against the Cham Muslim minority during this period are increasingly well known. In this context, the decade of work by Kok-Thay Eng as Director of Research at the Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-CAM) is enough to produce several dissertations. In fact, one of the individuals who contributed much of the work to Kok-Thay Eng’s dissertationFrom the Khmer Rouge to Hambali: Cham Identities in a Global Age, Farina So, is now working on her own dissertation based in Lowell, MA. Several other individual researchers, working with DC-CAM critically contributed to this work. The sheer number of interviews conducted by the DC-CAM research center, as well as the number that are cited in this dissertation alone, is impressive. Finally, the lucid presentation of the dissertation’s argument is testament to the author’s success in tackling, by his own admission, his own greatest challenge: writing in a second language. Continue reading →
Để hiểu rõ về tín ngưỡng tôn giáo truyền thống của người Chăm thấu đáo hơn, chúng tôi tập trung quan tâm đến mối quan hệ giữa các cộng đồng người Chăm qua việc sử dụng thuật ngữ bản địa, nhận diện lại cơ cấu tổ chức xã hội truyền thống và mối quan hệ giữa các tầng lớp xã hội trong cộng đồng người Chăm ngày nay
Not long ago this journal published a moving account of the forgotten Muslims of Kampuchea and Vietnam by Seddik Taouti1. In Kampuchea Taouti estimates that approximately seventy percent of the Muslim population was exterminated by the Khmer Rouge led by the Pol Pot regime. The author cites the Ministry of Planning in Kampuchea as recording a Muslim population of 190,000 surviving Muslims from a total population of 800,000. The author visited areas such as Kompong Cham in which 66,793 Muslims reside. Although during the Pol Pot regime Taouti states that the majority of Muslims were exterminated because they were of the Islamic faith, he suggests that presently (in 1982) the Muslims appeared to live in harmony with their Buddhist neighbours in Kampuchea. In a thorough essay on the genocidal policies carried out against Cham Muslims Ben Kiernan relies upon both Kampuchean and Vietnamese documents and eyewitness accounts to estimate that approximately 90,000 Cham Muslims were executed.2 Kiernan concludes that Pol Pot’s regime tried not only to destroy the Islamic tradition, Continue reading →
Cham people photographed during the period of the French Protectorate . The traditional warfare pattern in South East Asia generally aimed at conquering and dominating sparse populations
The Khmer empire, from the ninth to the 15th century, obviously didn’t develop in isolation. But, looking at the map of Southeast Asia from a historical point of view, it’s nevertheless clear that this political construction benefited from an unprecedented geopolitical quietness, at least until the 13th century.
The Vietnamese hadn’t even begun their march to the south, and the Thai state was made up of embryonic chieftainships.
Yet the exception that proved the rule occurred. In the year 1177, guided by a Chinese deserter, the Cham fleet sailed the Mekong river upstream and from Phnom Penh, the Tonle Sap. They took Angkor by urprise, plundering and destroying the town. Continue reading →
COUNTERINSURGENCY INFORMATION ANALYSIS CENTER SPECIAL OPERATIONS RESEARCH OFFICE
This working paper on the Cham is the third of a pre-publication series on the groups being distributed on a limited basis. It is a descriptive report based on secondary sources dealing with the Vietnamese society. Field research was not undertaken, although the comments of consultants and personnel recently returned from Vietnam have been incorporated. The final report will contain line drawings and illustrations.
It must be recognized, then, that this paper on the Cham is not an exhaustive study. Further, the information contained herein may be dated even before it is published and may be subject to modification in the light of new developments and information. Although it contains the latest information available, the user is cautioned to consider this study as a point of departure to be checked against the current circumstances or conditions of the particular area in which he is working. Continue reading →
Thông qua nghiên cứu về người Chăm Hồi giáo (Chăm Asulam) tại thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, tác giả xem xét một số định kiến đối với các tộc người thiểu số ở Việt Nam. Đưa ra những lý giải khác về đời sống và thực hành văn hoá tôn giáo của người Chăm, tác giả lập luận rằng, từ góc độ nghiên cứu, cái nhìn cởi mở và thừa nhận sự đa dạng văn hoá là cần thiết cho việc diễn giải văn hoá tộc người(1).