Set apart from the so-called ‘Hinduisation’ process, the Cham country is characterised by the presence of many sites or shrines dedicated to local deities. This paper—based on the analysis of archaeological and anthropological evidence—aims to identify these cults, to clarify the associated practices and to demonstrate how the local cults map out the entire local geography. Moreover, in central Vietnam, it is possible to precisely examine ‘potent places’ in order to achieve a better understanding of the local cults and the persistence of those cults from antiquity to the present. In ancient times, each local deity was connected to a political power, which ‘exhaled’ it and, at the same time, put a mark on the territory. The diversity of potent places allows a better understanding of puzzling territories. The continuity of ritual practices performed at Cham potent places, centuries after the disappearance of any form of Cham political power, shows the link between the first occupants of the land and the following Viet inhabitants.
‘Everything that Comes Out of the Earth is Cham’, The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, DOI:
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.1080/14442213.2017.1370478
Angie Ngoc Tran
California State University, Monterey Bay, USA
Focusing on the understudied Cham (Sunni) Muslims who live in the Mekong Delta region of southern Vietnam, decades after Vietnam joined the market system, I found that they have sustained their century-old mobile ways of life—including retailing, fishing, and sewing—in close connection with the global Islamic community to make a living and to continue their religious studies. But a mixed picture emerges in their response to Vietnam’s labor export policy since 2002: practicing geographical agency with short-term successes but facing more risks as both men and women engage in extra local journeys, crossing borders into Cambodia, Thailand, and Malaysia. Continue reading
Thu Thi Trinha and Chris Ryanb*
Danang College of Econ
omics and Planning, Da Nang City, Vietnam;
University of Waikato Management School, Hamilton, New Zealand
(Received 22 October 2014; accepted 19 May 2015)
[Current Issues in Tourism]
Research on motivations and perceptions of tourists at a cultural heritage site is not rare but the personal and aesthetic context of visitors’ experiences have been neglected in much of the literature on cultural tourist attraction management. Using qualitative methods, this study explores the nature of demand for heritage tourism with particular attention to the appreciation gained by visitors of indigenous Cham culture, its arts of exotic sculptures, and its monuments and architecture. These dimensions describe an evolutionary experience of place that moves some tourists from a position of relatively shallow interest to an almost spiritual position due in some part to the role of the aesthetic that rises from landscape and dance. Continue reading
William B. Noseworthy
[ Abstract ]
This article is about the emergence of Islamic modernism among Cham Muslim communities in Cambodia and Cochinchina during the early 20th century. Based on a combined critical reading of existing scholarship, historicized first-hand anthropological accounts, as well as archival sources from the National Archives of Cambodia and the Vietnam National Archives II, it argues accounts of modernists in these sources were either (1) cast through a French colonial reading of a Buddhist state lens and (2) cast through a Malay lens, based upon the Kaum Muda/Kaum Tua divide. First, it proceeds with a historical explanation of the emergence of Islam and the discourse used to describe Muslim communities in Vietnamese, French, and Cham language sources. Then, it turns the narrative toward an examination of the emergence of the “Kaum Muda” or “New Group” of reformist-minded modernist Muslims in early 20th century Cambodia. Delineating the networks of these intellectuals as they stretched across the border through Cochinchina, also highlights a pre-existing transnational element to the community, one that well predates current discussions of twenty-first-century transnationalism. Through a combination of the study of multiple language sources and historical methods, the article highlights the importance of polylingualism in the study of the history of Muslims in Southeast Asia.
Access the full article here: Underhill-reGenerating-Champa-Transitioning-Identity-from-Past-to-Future-Islamic-Horizons-SeptOct-2015
Phạm Quỳnh Phương
Thông qua nghiên cứu về người Chăm Hồi giáo (Chăm Asulam) tại thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, tác giả xem xét một số định kiến đối với các tộc người thiểu số ở Việt Nam. Đưa ra những lý giải khác về đời sống và thực hành văn hoá tôn giáo của người Chăm, tác giả lập luận rằng, từ góc độ nghiên cứu, cái nhìn cởi mở và thừa nhận sự đa dạng văn hoá là cần thiết cho việc diễn giải văn hoá tộc người(1).
Tiến hoá luận và định kiến xã hội Continue reading