From Champa to Nguyen: the archaeology of central Vietnam

We are now inviting paper presentation proposals for the 2nd SEAMEO SPAFA International Conference in Southeast Asian Archaeology. Presentations are meant to be 15-20 minutes long (depending on the panel’s convener). Proposals will be assessed and accepted until February 2016.
Anne-Valérie Schweyer

Do Truong Giang
Institute for Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (VASS)

This panel suggests a pooling of studies on two provinces of Central Vietnam. The history of each territory is conditioned by its geography and different perspectives will enrich the political, economic or religious knowledge that we already have. This panel aims to shed light on the regional importance of this particular coastal region. The occupants of the time of Champa kingdoms and the Nguyen Lords, in relation with the Highland populations, have all left their mark on this territory. By bringing together the imprints of these different pasts, we shall be able to reconstruct the process of settlement of the whole plain (around the Huong, Bô, Ô Lâu, Giang/Quang Tri and Ben Hao rivers) and thus better understand the construction of the region through these historical eras. By choosing these two important eras of central Vietnam history, the panel’s papers might shed new light on the historical continuity and discontinuity of this region in two different (but successive) periods of time. Continue reading

Mandala Champa in the “Early Age of Commerce” (900-1300CE)

Bài đã đăng trên tạp chí Nghiên cứu Đông Nam Á, số tiếng Anh, năm 2011


An “Early Age of Commerce” in Southeast Asia (900-1300 CE)

Scholars are relatively familiar with the idea of the “Age of Commerce” proposed by Prof.Anthony Reid that examines the history of Southeast Asia during the period from 1400 to 1680 CE.[2] According to A.Reid, around the year 1400 the economic growth in Southeast Asia was stimulated by the demand for spices, pepper and other products in archipelagic region. He argues that, during this period, individuals and states in Southeast Asia “could profit greatly from international trade by adapting to its changing demands”.[3]Dr.Geoff Wade has recently argued in his paper proposing the idea of an “Early Age of Commerce” that implies the history of Southeast Asia from the Tenth to the Fourteenth century. He argues that, during this period, various changes in China, South Asia and the Middle East as well as within the Southeast Asian region did offer a fertile environment to promote maritime commercial activities, and consequently induced the appearance of novel coastal ports and a number of political, social changing in Southeast Asian polities.[4] Previously, J.W.Christies also defines the period from the Tenth to Thirteenth century as the age of “Boom of Asian Maritime trade”.[5] Following G.Wade’s idea[6], I will demonstrate briefly in this paper the change in major maritime Asian states, including (1) the commercial-supported policies and its impacts in China; (2) the development of Arab trader network throughout maritime Asia; and (3) the expansion of Tamil merchants/communities in South, East and Southeast Asia. Continue reading