Luong Ninh, Ph.D.
After the Discovery of Sa Huynh Culture which provided us with knowledge of the relation between this Culture and the one existing in the East Sea, even far across ocean-the Malayo-Polynesians, The Community of that was of master of Sa Huynh Culture could be Population constituting the State of Champa, also of Malayo-Polynesian speakers, called the Chams, considered themselves the owner-master of State Champa. So were the Chams coming into the desert? Were they the unique population on the shore, the only people of Champa? No. What was other Population? The first question to be addressed.
In the ancient area of Champa, one can find many vestiges, such as kalan (Temple), of brick, Stelae written in Sanskrit and ancient Cham, a lot of Deity statues of stone, sculptural pictures all originated from prototype of Indian Art School. Was India the single partner of Champa? No, there was also China. There were a lot of Chinese productions and a quantity of money in Archaeological Museum. The 2nd question to be proposed. So, is it occurred a choice of “Partner”? What was the causality? The feeling of love or hate? Willingly or pressure? This is the 3rd Issue to be proposed and to deliberate.
This paper presents respectively the Mode and the Processes of Indian Cultural Influences to the local People on the shore of the present Vietnam, constituting the State of Champa and Funan in 3 stages-in the North Champa, in the South, and the Connection of Indian Culture coming from the Andaman Sea to the East Sea in Pacific, with the local People -Vnam, Bnam-nowadays: Mnong Gar, Penongs in the South of West Highland of Vietnam. The Mode and the Processes of 3 stages of Indian Cultural Influences in the North Champa, South Champa and Funan, trying to explain the issues proposed.