The Cham of Vietnam: History, Society and Art


Edited by Bruce Lockhart and Tran Ky Phuong

The Cham people once inhabited and ruled over a large stretch of what is now the central Vietnamese coast. The Indianized civilization of this Austronesian-speaking group flourished between roughly the third and fifteenth centuries, and they competed with the Vietnamese and Khmers for influence in mainland Southeast Asia, but the Cham territories eventually became part of modern Vietnam. Written by specialists in history, archaeology, anthropology, art history, and linguistics, the essays in The Cham of Vietnam contribute to a revisionist overview of Cham history by re-assessing the ways the Cham have been studied by different generations of scholars of what “Champa” has represented over the centuries of its history. Several chapters focus on archaeological work in central Vietnam and position recent discoveries within the broader framework of Cham history, but there are also discussions of Cham economy, society and culture. Continue reading

Revisiting Cham Ethnic Identity in Vietnam and Cambodia: The Concept of “Ethnic Passport

Mohamed Effendy Bin Abdul Hamid


The Cham people are one of the most fascinating ethnic communities in Southeast
Asia. The thesis aims to understand Cham ethnic identity and the qualities that the Cham possess that allowed them to successfully participate in societies in Southeast Asia. It will be argued that the Cham posses the “ethnic passport,” i.e., a set of “internal documents” that have given the Cham the qualities necessary to enter other societies. Through such a framework, one is able to garner a more nuanced view of the Cham especially in regard to their ability to negotiate the “non-physical” boundaries of nation states in Southeast Asia. Continue reading