Dai Viet Diplomatic Relations with Neighbouring Countries under Ly Dynasty

Nguyen Thanh Binh
University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University, Hanoi.
Email: nguyenthanhbinhtriet@gmail.comReceived: 8 March, 2017. Accepted: 30 March, 2017.

Source: Vietnam Social Sciences, No.3 (179) – 2017 
Abstract: Vietnam, or Dai Viet (Great Viet) as named under Ly dynasty, had diplomatic relations with its neighbours, including China, Champa and Chenla. It pursued a peace-loving foreign
policy, while resolutely resisting foreign aggression. The foreign policy was aimed at building and upholding friendship among neighbouring countries for the purpose of creating and maintaining a peaceful environment for national construction and defence.
Keywords: Diplomatic relations, Ly dynasty, Song dynasty, Champa, Chenla, Laos. Continue reading

The Raja Praong Ritual: A Memory of the Sea in Cham- Malay Relations


(Extracted from Truong Van Mon, “The Raja Praong Ritual: a Memory of the sea in Cham- Malay Relations”, in Memory And Knowledge Of The Sea In South Asia, Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Malaya, Monograph Sries 3, pp, 97-111. International Seminar on Martime Culture and Geopolitics & Workshop on Bajau Laut Music and Dance”, Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences and the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya, 23-24/2008)


Raja Praong ritual of the Chams in Vietnam contains memory of ships and seas which have historically related between the Chams and Malays. Besides hymns describe on Champa wooden ships crossing sea to Malay, two wooden ships of Malay are also reproduced to perform in the Raja Praong ritual today. By Cham manuscripts with an historical point of view, the main content of the study focuses theme by many aspects such as legend, hymn, master, sea route, origin, shape and structure of wooden ships, specially the two Malay ships in order to find out memory and knowledge of the ships and seas as well as historical relations between Champa and Malay during 17th –19th centuries.

Key Words: Champa-Malay, sea, ship, relation, history Continue reading

On the Historical and Literary Relations Between Champa and the Malay World

Henri Chambert-Loir

Proceedings of the Seminar on Champa

263ee54a01-2-ban-do3Historians who pored over the history of Champa since the beginning of this century, in particular G. Maspéro and G. Coedès, have emphasized the ups and downs of this Indianized people who lived in present-day Vietnam and whose kingdom, or more exactly kingdoms, witnessed their territory and power progressively weakened under the inexorable pressure of the Vietnamese. Since its appearance in the second century of the Christian era, the history of this people is in close and constant relations with those of other powers of southern Asia, from south China to the Malay Archipelago: history of political conflicts on the one side and commercial and cultural contacts, on the other. Not only had the Chams, by the fact that they inhabited the coast of Central Vietnam, occupied a strategic position on the sea-route between south China and the Indian Ocean, but the presence of Cham merchants and even Cham communities were recognized in the main commercial crossroads of the region between the ninth and seventeenth centuries. Continue reading

On the Relations Between Champa and Southeast Asia

Pierre-Bernard Lafont

Proceedings of the Seminar on Champa 

images (2)In dealing with the relations between a country and its neighbors, one may either follow the development of events chronologically—which seems the most logical approach—or examine the contact country by country. In the case of Champa, it is difficult to present its relations with its continental and insular neighbors chronologically because of the complexity of the history of Asia and Southeast Asia, generally not well known by the non-specialist. Therefore, when we deal with the foreign relations of Champa we are practically compelled to study country by country, if we want to highlight the result of those relations for each of them. Continue reading